Atomic_Omnikid Publish time 13-9-2008 06:14 PM

LHC Switched ON !

Like a star arriving on stage, impatientlyfollowed by each member of CERN personnel and by millions of eyesaround the world, the first beam of protons has circulated in the LHC.After years in the making and months of increasing anticipation, todaythe work of hundreds of people has borne fruit. WELL DONE to all!

Successfullysteered around the 27 kilometres of the world抯 most powerful particleaccelerator at 10:28 this morning, this first beam of protonscirculating in the ring marks a key moment in the transition from overtwo decades of preparation to a new era of scientific discovery. "It抯a fantastic moment," said the LHC project leader Lyn Evans, "we can nowlook forward to a new era of understanding about the origins andevolution of the universe".

Starting up a major new particleaccelerator takes much more than flipping a switch. Thousands ofindividual elements have to work in harmony, timings have to besynchronized to under a billionth of a second, and beams finer than ahuman hair have to be brought into head-on collision. Today抯 successputs a tick next to the first of those steps, and over the next fewweeks, as the LHC抯 operators gain experience and confidence with thenew machine, the machine抯 acceleration systems will be introduced, andthe beams will be brought into collision to allow the researchprogramme to begin.

"The LHC is a discovery machine," said CERNDirector General Robert Aymar, "its research programme has thepotential to change our view of the Universe profoundly, continuing atradition of human curiosity that抯 as old as mankind itself."

Experimentsat the LHC will allow physicists to complete a journey that startedwith Newton抯 description of gravity. Gravity acts on mass, but so farscience is unable to explain the mechanism that generates mass.Experiments at the LHC will provide the answer. LHC experiments willalso try to probe the mysterious dark matter of the universe

jebeng Publish time 14-9-2008 01:57 AM

stephen hawking yg otai psl kuantum tu pon bet 100 dollar utk xdpt hasil per2 dlm experiment ni..

kicaptigaayam Publish time 14-9-2008 05:54 AM

hmmm the biggest experiment ever...harap² takde la kan side effects nye.

anyway rasanya dah ada tthread ni kat page 2...

aku_EnSeM Publish time 14-9-2008 10:19 AM

Reply #2 jebeng's post

100 dollar jer? ;P ;P ;P

jebeng Publish time 14-9-2008 08:24 PM

die bet ngn head scientist LHC ni kot..huhu

Atomic_Omnikid Publish time 15-9-2008 10:47 PM

Originally posted by jebeng at 14-9-2008 01:57
stephen hawking yg otai psl kuantum tu pon bet 100 dollar utk xdpt hasil per2 dlm experiment ni..
Mana ko dapat cerita nie?:shakehead3:

Arissa_Sofea Publish time 16-9-2008 06:15 AM

assalamualaikum nice info...

[ Last edited byArissa_Sofea at 16-9-2008 06:16 AM ]

Atomic_Omnikid Publish time 17-9-2008 01:29 PM


ok :D

aku_EnSeM Publish time 17-9-2008 03:01 PM

hurm... aman je Bumi ni... mne black hole nye? ;P

Atomic_Omnikid Publish time 18-9-2008 07:17 PM

Originally posted by aku_EnSeM at 17-9-2008 15:01
hurm... aman je Bumi ni... mne black hole nye? ;P

kalo ikutkan info,proton beam tuh mungkin amik beberapa bulan utk collide dengan precision yang physicist nak...:lol:

aku_EnSeM Publish time 19-9-2008 08:30 PM

Reply #10 Atomic_Omnikid's post

tembak.. tembak.. jangan x tembak!!! :tembak:

shahx Publish time 20-9-2008 12:02 AM


shahx Publish time 20-9-2008 12:04 AM

shahx Publish time 20-9-2008 12:05 AM


aku_EnSeM Publish time 20-9-2008 11:17 PM

brapa banyak monitor daaa.... :L

jebeng Publish time 21-9-2008 05:05 AM

pergh hebat siot...multitasking ni.....brape power la komp camni...mau2 10gb ram..

chiKenliTeL Publish time 21-9-2008 06:01 AM

i'm impressed with their commitment monetary (up to usd12 billion) and their expertse to really test the theory. how amazing but then, heard that they are cancelling it? :L

aku_EnSeM Publish time 21-9-2008 02:49 PM

Reply #17 chiKenliTeL's post

cancelling? xgne tolll.... :shakehead3: :shakehead3: :shakehead3:

chiKenliTeL Publish time 21-9-2008 07:47 PM

chiKenliTeL Publish time 21-9-2008 07:49 PM

What happened to the Big Bang machine?

By Paul Rincon

Superconducting magnets are cooled down using liquid helium

The fault that has shut down the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will be hugely disappointing for scientists and engineers following the successful "start-up" of the experiment.

It is now over a week since the first beams were fired around the accelerator's 27km (16.7 miles) underground ring. The crucial next step is to collide those beams head on.

But hopes that the first trial collisions would be carried out before the machine's official inauguration on 21 October now seem to have been dashed. It even looks uncertain whether this can be achieved before 2009.

The failure on 19 September - described as a "massive" magnet quench - certainly seems dramatic: it caused the temperatures in about 100 of the LHC's super-cooled magnets to soar by as much as 100C.

The fire brigade had to be called after a tonne of liquid helium leaked out into the LHC tunnel.

One of the LHC's eight sectors will now have to be warmed up to well above its operating temperature of 1.9 Kelvin (-271C; -456F) – which is colder than deep space – so that repairs can take place.

But the European Organization for Nuclear Research (Cern), which operates the LHC, maintains the setback is a relatively minor one in the grand scheme of things and poses no longer-term threat to the LHC.

"If you keep an eye on the big picture, we've been building the machine for 20 years. The switch-on was always going to be a long process," James Gillies, Cern's director of communications, told BBC News.

"A year or two down the line, this moment will be a distant memory, and we'll be running smoothly."

This incident is the latest in a line of setbacks during the construction and testing of this impossibly complicated machine built 100m beneath the French-Swiss border.

Flood threat

Serious difficulties were encountered when boring an artificial cavern designed to house the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS), one of the LHC's massive detectors - which are designed to monitor beam collisions for interesting events.

The cavern shaft had to be bored through a 50m layer of glacial deposits – including fast-flowing water – which threatened to flood the hole.

Engineers had to create a 3m-thick wall of ice around the circumference of the shaft as a barrier to the underground rivers.

In April 2007, part of a magnet ruptured suddenly during pressure testing. The incident prompted an evacuation of personnel behind the tunnel safety perimeter.

Later that year, a problem was uncovered with a handful of "plug-in modules", or PIMs, which link the beam tube of one superconducting magnet to another. Engineers found sliding parts inside the modules had buckled into the beam pipe.

Super-cooling the magnets to -271C allows them to conduct electrical current without resistance

The LHC was expected to be complete by 2006, so a further delay of two months is unlikely to faze particle physicists who are waiting to begin harvesting data once the machine begins colliding its two beams of protons together at high energies.

The machine has more than 1,200 "dipole" magnets arranged end-to-end in the underground ring. These magnets carry and steer the proton beams which will whizz around the machine at close to the speed of light.

Chilling them to -271C – where even helium gas is turned into a liquid - makes them "superconducting".

This allows the magnets to conduct electrical current without resistance, thereby generating the large magnetic fields required to steer the beams while at the same time consuming relatively little power.

A quench occurs when part of a superconducting magnet heats up and becomes resistant to electrical current; the magnet essentially starts to lose its superconducting properties.

Engineers have a system in place to deal with this issue, but in this case, the quench created a hot spot in the magnet which got out of control and damaged hardware. The current problem appears to have affected the "bus bar" – a cable that carries current between the two magnets.

'Helium leak'

"What appears to have happened... is that there was a faulty connection in the bus bar," Mr Gillies told BBC News. He described this connection as a hi-tech version of a soldering joint to link the two stretches of cable together.

"The bus bar quenched, and that connection seems to have melted. The melting appears to have caused the helium leak.

"It seems to be a badly made connection – but this all has to be confirmed once we have had the chance to take a look at it."

The incident occurred during the final test of the last of the LHC's electrical circuits to be commissioned.

Cern says such problems are par for the course considering the vast complexity of the project. However, since the official start-up on 10 September, the organisation, which is based in Geneva, has had to deal with a level of media scrutiny it has never encountered before.

The two-month halt means there will now be a much smaller window in which to try for the first low energy collisions before the LHC shuts down for the winter – which is done in part to save money on electricity.

But Mr Gillies refused to rule anything in or out, and said a more complete picture of both the impact on the schedule and the nature of the fault itself would emerge next week, after engineers have had time to carry out their analyses.
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